burung murai betina The magpie-robburung murai jantan ins or shamas (from shama, Bengali and Hindi for C. malabaricus) are medium-sized insectivorous birds (some also eat berries and other fruit) in the genus Copsychus. They were formerly in the thrush family Turdidae, but are now treated as part of the Old World flycatcher family Muscicapidae. They are garden- and forest-dwelling species found in Africa and Asia.
The genus Copsychus was introduced by the German naturalist Johann Georg Wagler in 1827. The type species was subsequently designated as the Oriental magpie-robin(Copsychus saularis) by the English zoologist George Robert Gray in 1840. The name Copsychus is from the Ancient Greek kopsukhos or kopsikhos, meaning “blackbird”.[lima]
The genus contains 13 species:ImageScientific nameCommon nameDistributionCopsychus fulicatusIndian robinBangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri LankaCopsychus saularisOriental magpie-robinBangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, eastern Pakistan, eastern Indonesia, Thailand, southern China, Malaysia and SingaporeCopsychus pyrropygusRufous-tailed shamasouthern Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra and BorneoCopsychus albospecularisMadagascar magpie-robinMadagascarCopsychus sechellarumSeychelles magpie-robinthe SeychellesCopsychus mindanensisPhilippine magpie-robinthe PhilippinesCopsychus malabaricusWhite-rumped shamaSri Lanka, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Malaysia, Java, BorneoCopsychus albiventrisAndaman shamathe Andaman IslandsCopsychus stricklandiiWhite-crowned shamaBorneoCopsychus luzoniensisWhite-browed shamathe PhilippinesCopsychus superciliarisVisayan shamaVisayan Islands in the PhilippinesCopsychus nigerWhite-vented shamaPalawan, Balabac and Calamian in the PhilippinesCopsychus cebuensisBlack shamaCebu in the Philippines
The Seychelles magpie-robin is one of the most endangered birds in the world, with a population of less than 250, although this is a notable increase from just 16 in 1970.References^ Jobling, James A. (1991). A Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. Oxford University Press. p. 216. ISBN 0-19-854634-tiga.^ Wagler, Johann Georg (1827). Systema avium (in Latin). Stuttgart: J.G. Cottae. p. 306 (Gracula).^ Gray, George Robert (1840). A List of the Genera of Birds : with an Indication of the Typical Species of Each Genus. London: R. and J.E. Taylor. p. 21.^ Mayr, Ernst; Paynter, Raymond A. Jr, eds. (1964). Check-list of Birds of the World. Volume 10. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. pp. 64–65.^ Jobling, J.A. (2018).del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E. (eds.). “Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology”. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 10 May 2018.^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2021). “Chats, Old World flycatchers”. IOC World Bird List Version 11.2. International Ornithologists’ Union. Retrieved 28 July 2021.^ “Species Updates – IOC World Bird List”. Retrieved 2021-05-27.